Root Canals 101

Tooth Preservation with Root Canals

Secure your teeth and bite function with root canal treatment. Also termed endodontic therapy, this form of dentistry is primarily concerned with the disinfection of the pulp. It is this pulp that harbours the nerves, blood vessels, and soft tissues that form the centre of each tooth.

Often thought of as a painful, fear inducing procedure, advances in modern dentistry techniques and local anaesthetics have ensured a precision-like pain free procedure. The root canal eliminates infection and pain while saving the tooth, rather than removing it.

Did you know the tooth consists of a crown and roots?

That 90% of upper first molars have four or more root canals?

The term root canal is not necessarily a treatment, but rather it is the hollow section of the tooth that is bursting with the cells and tissue of the pulp.

Root Canal 101

If you present to your dentist with a diagnosis of pulpitis or apical periodontitis, your symptoms may include:

  • Pain and discomfort in and around the tooth
  • Throbbing tooth or gums
  • Infection
  • Discolouration
  • Tooth loss or fracture
  • Crown fracture or loss
  • Swollen face
  • Sensitivity to temperature variations and pressure

Did you know the pulp nourishes the tooth while filtering moisture to the surrounding cells and tissue?

When the pulp becomes diseased, it is unable to regenerate or repair itself, likewise if the tooth is fractured or has a cavity – the bacteria which is full of disease will penetrate. This will result in the ligaments swelling around the tooth in question while causing infection and a heightened sensitivity to both hold and cold stimulus.

Did you know that if your infection migrates to the jaw and gums an abscess will form?

Endodontic Treatment Process

So, what does the process entail?

  • Dental x-rays will be carried out to assess the tooth and surrounding area
  • An anaesthetic as deemed appropriate to your circumstances will be administered
  • A ‘dental dam’ is placed into your mouth to drain debris and keep the area free from saliva
  • Access is created at the crown of the tooth and decay is removed from the pulp chamber
  • The chamber and root canals are flushed and cleaned
  • Dependant on the individual the tooth may be left to drain for several days before filling
  • We recommend that you avoid biting or chewing on the tooth until it is fully restored
  • Once clean and dry, the interior of the tooth is filled
  • A sealer paste and compound is used to fill the tooth followed by a dental filling
  • The final step involves the restoration and functionality of your tooth, which is generally done with the placement of a crown.

Call for Consultation Now

To discuss your treatment options, call and talk to our team of professionals today on (03) 9763 7333.